Chesterfield Inlet, located on the western shore of Hudson Bay, is the oldest continuing community in Nunavut, dating back to 1910. However, the area was inhabited long before European contact, and ancient Thule tent rings are among the many archaeological sites nearby.
There are many tourist activities available including fishing, hiking, whale watching, bird watching, and caribou sport hunting.
Potential non-renewable resources in the region include: gold, diamonds, uranium, base metals, and nickel-copper platinum group elements (PGEs).
Population figures based on Statistics Canada 2006 Census